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   Table of Contents - Current issue
Coverpage
January-June 2020
Volume 14 | Issue 1
Page Nos. 1-47

Online since Friday, January 31, 2020

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EDITORIAL  

2020 – A Milestone in the History of JDDS p. 1
Sanjay Manohar Londhe
DOI:10.4103/0973-4724.276413  
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QUIZ Top

Quiz: Visualize and analyze p. 3
Deepak Shukla, Vivek Saxena, BK N Babu
DOI:10.4103/JODD.JODD_1_20  
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES Top

Association of ABO blood group with crowding among patients with different malocclusions p. 4
Akshi Rathi, Sanjeev Datana, Shiv Shankar Agarwal, SK Bhandari
DOI:10.4103/JODD.JODD_4_19  
Introduction: This study correlated ABO blood groups and crowding in the lower anterior region and also to find an interrelationship between ABO blood grouping system and sagittal relation of the jaws. Materials and Methods: The sample size consisted of 138 Maharashtrian patients (60 males and 78 females) age range from 12 to 30 years which were randomly selected. Each patient's records comprised: a lateral cephalometric head film, photographs, and dental casts as standard pretreatment records. Based on ANB angles, patients were divided into Group-1: ANB 1–3° (51 individuals with 27 males and 24 females), Group-2: ANB >3° (60 individuals with 24 males and 36 females), and Group-3: ANB <1° (27 individuals with 9 males and 18 females). These groups were further divided into five subgroups on the basis of lower incisor crowding. Results: The mean ± standard deviation of age in Group 1, Group 2, and Group 3 was 16.53 ± 2.43 years, 17.60 ± 3.73 years, and 18.67 ± 3.28 years, respectively. The gender distribution of cases studied did not differ significantly across three study groups. The distribution of median ANB did not differ significantly across various blood groups in the study group. The blood group distribution of cases studied did not differ significantly across three study groups. The distribution of Little's index differs significantly across perfect alignment and minimal irregularity as well as between minimal irregularity and moderate irregularity. The distribution of Little's index did not differ significantly between perfect alignment and moderate irregularity. Conclusions: The occurrence of blood group B+ was more in Class I and II skeletal patterns whereas in Class III skeletal pattern individuals have more prevalence of blood group A+. ABO blood groups and Little's Irregularity Index for crowding is found to be correlated between perfect alignment and minimal irregularity individuals as well as between minimal and moderate irregularity subjects.
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The prevalence of dental anomalies among the Maharashtrian population: A radiographic study p. 11
Devashish Kumar, Sanjeev Datana, Abhijeet Kadu, Shiv Shankar Agarwal, SK Bhandari
DOI:10.4103/JODD.JODD_5_19  
Background: Developmental anomalies are frequently observed in the routine oral health examination. Only clinical examination without radiographic study tends to underestimate the prevalence of these anomalies. Aim: The aim of the study was to estimate the frequency of occurrence of three commonly occurring dental anomalies (hypodontia, hyperdontia, and dental impaction) using orthopantomogram (OPG) in the young population seeking orthodontic treatment in Pune, Maharashtra. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study included pretreatment OPGs and the dental records of patients in permanent dentition selected from the achieves of the patients coming for treatment at the Division of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Department of Dental Surgery and Oral Health Sciences, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, from January 1, 2015, to December 1, 2018. These records were then evaluated and analyzed by a trained pediatric dentist for the occurrence of hypodontia, hyperdontia, and impacted teeth. One thousand and one hundred OPGs were examined and the data were recorded in MS Excel sheets and were subjected to statistical analysis. Results: The most recorded developmental anomaly was hypodontia (11.6%), followed by impacted teeth (5.5%) and hyperdontia (1.1%). Statistically significant difference was noted in the distribution of hypodontia and impacted teeth between males and females (P < 0.001), whereas no statistically significant difference was noted in the distribution of hyperdontia between the males and females (P > 0.05). Conclusions: Dental anomalies can be commonly observed in OPG. Hypodontia and dental impaction were the most common dental anomalies observed in the present study. The early recognition of these dental anomalies is very important to offer preventive modality of management. The findings of the present study may be considered representative of the Maharastrian population. Multicentric studies with a larger sample size are recommended to be representative of the larger regions of the country.
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REVIEW ARTICLE Top

Airway-focused dentistry – Hype versus truth p. 16
Sukhbir Singh Chopra, Sanjay Manohar Londhe
DOI:10.4103/JODD.JODD_3_19  
Dental sleep medicine (DSM) is an emerging subspecialty in dentistry. Many dentists are adopting it in clinical practice to screen for and treat obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The value of evidence-based medicine for OSA, oral appliance treatment, and good collaboration with sleep medicine physicians in sleep disorder care is important for all dentists who practice DSM. This article aims to assess the “hype” and “truth” in the arena of DSM from contemporary literature. DSM is a science with rapidly expanding body of information that is dynamically evolving and can challenge previously accepted concepts.
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CASE REPORTS Top

Simplified upper molar intrusion with modified interim Goshgarian-type palatal archSimplified upper molar intrusion with modified interim Goshgarian-type palatal arch p. 23
Raj Kumar Maurya, Sanjay Manohar Londhe, Atul Bali
DOI:10.4103/JODD.JODD_1_19  
Surgical-orthodontic management of hyper divergent skeletal Class III malocclusions is often confronted with clinical challenges. Overeruption of the maxillary second molars during longer presurgical orthodontic decompensation phase usually results in occlusal interferences which hinder the setting of desired postsurgical occlusion in preparation for model surgery. Here, a simple, yet effective interim modification of conventional Goshgarian-type transpalatal arch is proposed which can be effectively used to intrude over erupted molars during orthodontic treatment.
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Florid osseous dysplasia complicated by secondary periapical infection p. 26
N Girish Kumar, Sumeet Sehgal
DOI:10.4103/JODD.JODD_11_19  
Florid osseous dysplasia (FOD) is a benign fibro-osseous lesion that involves multiple quadrants of the jaws and is histopathologically characterized by the replacement of normal bone tissue by fibrous connective tissue which may contain a variable amount of bone and/or cementum like tissue. The lesion is usually asymptomatic and is mostly diagnosed with a chance finding on radiographic examination, and no treatment is necessary. However, a secondary infection may occur and cause complications in an existing FOD. We present a case of florid osseous dysplasia which was complicated by secondary infection from the adjacent tooth.
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Unusually large leiomyoma of buccal mucosa – Clinical case report p. 30
Rajashekhar D Gadad, AK Jha, Isha Rani
DOI:10.4103/JODD.JODD_2_19  
Leiomyomas are benign smooth muscle tumors, which occur most commonly, in the uterine myometrium, gastrointestinal tract, skin, and lower extremities of women. Only 1% of leiomyomas occur in the head-and-neck region. A thorough differential diagnosis is required before undertaking surgical excision of a lesion as it mimics fibromas, lipomas, and sometimes, leiomyosarcomas. We report a case of a 40-year-old male with an unusually large leiomyoma on the right buccal mucosa, which was present for 4 years. A complete surgical excision of the lesion was done. There was no recurrence of the lesion seen anywhere in the oral cavity.
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An implant-supported removable partial denture: A viable option to rehabilitate partially edentulous geriatric patients p. 33
Mahesh Eraiah Gowda, MP Shashidhar
DOI:10.4103/JODD.JODD_7_19  
Esthetics, phonetics mastication, and preservation of remaining alveolar bone are the goals of a prosthodontist while rehabilitating a patient with removable partial dentures (RPDs). Dental implants provide better retention, stability, and esthetics for partial dentures when compared to conventional tooth and tissue-supported partial dentures. They are predictable, meet the patient's expectations, and improve quality of life. Over the decades, there have been tremendous advancements in implant dentistry. This clinical report presents a case where the patient was rehabilitated with implant-supported RPDs in both maxillary and mandibular arches.
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Oral presentation of non-HIV-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma p. 36
BK N Babu, Sudarshan Bhat, Vivek Saxena
DOI:10.4103/JODD.JODD_8_19  
Here, we report a case of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) in a 51-year-old male patient with manifestations in the oral cavity, presenting as multiple ulcers and swelling. The other findings include the small lymphocytic lymphoma with extranodal involvement, distortion of facial symmetry, and cervical lymphadenopathy. A comprehensive evaluation by the dental clinician is crucial to identify the disease in its initial stage, for better prognosis and management. Early and prompt diagnosis of NHL by fine-needle aspiration cytology supplemented by immunocytochemistry may aid in early prevention of the disease with further investigations of biopsy and immunohistochemistry.
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Novel self-lubricating hollow ocular prosthesis: A multispecialty approach p. 40
Rahul Bahri, R Vijaya Kumar, Poonam Prakash, Kirandeep Singh
DOI:10.4103/JODD.JODD_9_19  
Congenital or acquired ocular defects advocate the need for fabrication of ocular prosthesis to restore patients form and esthetics and also to boost the self-confidence of the patient. Solid ocular prosthesis maintains the shape of the remaining soft tissues in a healthy state. Larger defects require fabrication of hollow prosthesis which are lightweight, provides adequate support to adjacent tissues, protects the tissue bed, prevents laxity of eyelids thereby restricting drooping of lower eyelid. It also enables the treating clinician to utilize this hollow space for the incorporation of a lubricant, to prevent dryness of eyes and for the management of local symptoms. This article highlights a novel technique for the fabrication of a self-lubricating hollow ocular prosthesis.
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Clinical application of guided bone regeneration in a periodontally compromised implant-supported denture and flow cytometric analysis of the soft tissue growth p. 43
Manish Mukherjee, Sanjay Manohar Londhe, Subrata Roy, JS Adhikary
DOI:10.4103/JODD.JODD_2_20  
A 69-year-old male, ex-serviceman from the defense research organization, reported to the dental outpatient department of a tertiary care center, with the chief complaint of inability in wearing of the lower dentures. General and systemic examinations were noncontributory. Intraoral examination revealed a firm, tender, pedunculated fibrotic growth measuring 3 cm × 2 cm located inferiorly and buccally to a titanium dental implant on the right aspect of the edentulous mandible, which was excised under local anesthesia, and guided bone regeneration was performed. The soft tissue overgrowth was subjected to flow cytometric analysis.
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LETTER TO EDITOR Top

Smile preservation: An innovative approach p. 46
Mahesh Eraiah Gowda, MP Shashidhar, Nanda Kishore Sahoo
DOI:10.4103/JODD.JODD_6_19  
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